Lola Margulies was born in Zaleszeziki, Poland and moved to the small Polish town of Skalat after Hitler defeated Poland in 1939. She was 11 years old when the German army invaded this part of Poland after declaring war on Russia in 1941. She, together with all other Jews in town were interned in a ghetto under extremely overcrowded conditions, with very little food and under constant threat of being deported to the death camps in the middle of the night.
After the Ghetto was liquidated in 1943, she spent a few weeks in a labor camp and then she and her family escaped to the woods where they were hidden ten feet underground in a bunker for nine months. They were without daylight, starving, packed like sardines and living in filth in this grave for the living. The Russian army liberated her in 1944. In 1947 she immigrated to the United States.
Mrs. Margulies has spoken often about her wartime experience and some of these memories have been recorded in a testimony, which is part of a collection of Testimonies published in a book entitled Death of a Shtetl. The book is in the archives of various Holocaust museums. Her presentation will cover the above experience.